10 COMMON POWER PROBLEMS

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AC BLACKOUT

A total loss of utility power occurring for more than 2 cycles

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FREQUENCY VARIATION

Frequency change from nominal 60Hz or 50Hz. Operation from engine genera- tors can produce frequency variations

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BROWN OUT

Long-term reduced line voltage for an extended period of a few minutes to a few days

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NORMAL MODE NOISE

High frequency electrical waveform between line (L) and neutral (N) caused by RFI or EMI interference

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VOLTAGE SURGE

Short-term high voltage above 110% of nominal for several cycles

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HARMONIC DISTORTION

Distortion of the normal waveform generally caused by nonlinear loads such as rectifiers, switch mode power supplies, and variable frequency drives

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POWER SAG

Short-term low voltage caused by starting inrush current of large equipment, utility switching, or a temporary overload

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SWITCHING TRANSIENT

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OVERVOLTAGE

Extended periods of increased line voltage ranging from a few minutes to a few days

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COMMON MODE NOISE

Electrical Interference that is measured between ground and either neutral (N) or line (L) of a typical AC power line